The tibia, or shinbone, is the most common fractured long bone in your body. The long bones include the femur, humerus, tibia, and fibula.
A tibia shaft fracture Mexico occurs along the stretch of the bone, below the knee and above the ankle. It typically shadows a major force to break a long bone; other injuries regularly arise with these types of fractures.
A fracture of the proximal tibia Mexico, the upper portion of the shinbone, can be restored through proper management and the precise treatment for restored strength, motion, and stability; ultimately minimizing the risk of arthritis.
Soft tissues comprising of the skin, muscle, nerves, blood vessels, and ligaments may be injured at the time of the fracture. Our elite team will evaluate for any signs of soft-tissue damage and include this in plans for managing the fracture.
Fractures encompassing the upper region of the lower leg, or tibia, may implicate the knee joint. Fractures that do complicate the knee joint may consequence in joint inadequacy and an irregular surface. Proximal tibia fractures may also outcome improper alignment. Either of these factors can lead to unnecessary joint wear, instability, and forfeiture of motion.
Types of Tibia Shaft Fractures
The tibia can break in numerous ways. The severity of the fracture generally is influenced by the amount of force that caused the break.
Stable. This type of fracture is barely out of place. The broken ends of the bones basically line up correctly and are aligned. In a stable fracture, the bones usually stay in place during healing.
Displaced. When a bone breaks and is displaced, the broken ends are separated and do not line up. These types of fractures often require surgery to put the pieces back together.
Transverse. This type of fracture has a horizontal fracture line. This fracture can be unstable, especially if the fibula is also broken.
Oblique. This type of fracture has an angled pattern and is typically unstable. If an oblique fracture is initially stable or minimally displaced, over time it can become more out of place.
Spiral. This type of fracture is caused by a twisting force. The result is a spiral-shaped fracture line, which can be displaced or stable, depending on how much force sources the fracture.
Comminuted. This type of fracture is unstable as the bone shatters into three or more pieces.
Open. When broken bones break through the skin, they are called open or compound fractures. For example, when a pedestrian is struck by the bumper of a moving car, the broken tibia may protrude through a tear in the skin and other soft tissues.
Open fractures often involve much more damage to the surrounding muscles, tendons, and ligaments. They have a higher risk for complications and take a longer time to heal.
Closed. With this injury, the broken bones do not break the skin, however internal soft tissues can still be impaired. In extreme cases, excessive swelling may cut off blood supply and lead to muscle death, and in rare cases, amputation.
Cause of Tibia Fractures Mexico
High-energy collisions, such as an automobile accident, are collective causes of tibia shaft fractures. In cases like these, the bone can be broken into several pieces.
These fractures are typically caused by a twisting force and result in an oblique or spiral type of fracture.
A fracture of the proximal tibia may be caused from stress or unusual excessive activity, or possible an already compromised bone due to cancer or infection. Most commonly today, fractures of the shinbone are caused by injuries.
Younger individuals often experience this type of fracture due to high vitality injuries, such as sports-related trauma, playground falls or motor vehicle accidents. Older individuals who may endure a fall can cause fractures of the proximal tibia because of poor bone strength.
Symptoms of Tibia Fractures
The most common symptoms of a tibia shaft fracture are severe pain, inability to walk or hold weight, deformity or instability of the leg, bone tenting and occasional numbing.
A fracture of the proximal tibia may result in injury to both the bone and the soft tissues of the knee region. Symptoms include acute pain, swelling of the lower leg, bruising on the lower leg and a locking of the knee or ankle or numbness around the foot.
Treatment of Tibia Shaft Fractures
When arranging a treatment plan, your doctor will deliberate on the cause of your injury, your overall health, the severity of the injury and the extent of soft tissue damage.
Nonsurgical treatment may be recommended for patients who are poor surgical candidates due to overall health issues and patients that are less active. Nonsurgical treatment may include restrictions on motion and weight bearing, and may include external devices such as braces. Typically, the soft tissues are assessed and X-rays are taken at prescribed intervals. Knee motion and weight bearing begin as the injury and method of treatment allow.
Surgical treatment may be recommend if it is an open fracture with wounds that need monitoring, tremendously unstable because of the bone fragments and large degrees of displacement or not healed with nonsurgical methods.
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