There are innumerable conditions that ultimately have patients seeking total knee replacement surgery in Mexico; arthritis being the most collective motive of patients around the world.
The knee joint is a complex joint of the body and it endures the most stress and pressure of any joint in the body, which ultimately can lead to arthritis. Knee replacement surgery is an effective treatment for arthritis of the knee joint.
Arthritis disturbs the lives of over 40 million people in the US, over 10 million in the UK and millions more worldwide.
A number of other factors pave the way to joint disease including genetics, developmental abnormalities, repetitive injuries and obesity.
Types of Arthritis Causing Knee Pain
Osteoarthritis. As cartilage on the gliding surface of the knee deteriorates it causes severe pain and stiffness. As the cartilage wears down completely, the bones begin to rub against each other causing diminished mobility and further pain. Osteoarthritis is most common in patients 50 and older, but is also widespread in athletes or those with a family history of arthritis.
Rheumatoid. A disease which signals the immune system to attack the synovial membrane, causing inflammation and an overproduction of lubricating fluid. The attack also causes damage to the articular cartilage.
Traumatic. Resultant of serious knee injuries, such as fractures, ligament damage or a meniscus tear. The impact destructs the articular cartilage and causes knee discomfort and stiffness.
Conditions Causing Knee Degeneration
Knee degeneration can also be initiated by avascular necrosis or AVN. AVN is mostly diagnosed in young adults. The condition transpires in patches on the articular surface, which causes the bone to soften and loses interrelation with the main frame. Loose fragments can cause instability, pain and even joint locking.
Abnormal alignment of the knee can create high stress on the joint, resulting in knee degeneration. The misalignment of the knee, also known as knock-knees or bowleg, creates an unnatural angle between the femur and tibia. After a substantial period of time, the cartilage wears away.
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